Intertextuality in 1 Chronicles 21:1-17 and Genesis 13:16 – Does It Explain the Problem of David’s Census?
by Matthew Y. Emerson, Ph.D.
The problem of David’s census has long been a question in Hebrew Bible scholarship. 1 Sam 24:1-28 and 1 Chron 21:1-17 seem to portray the census ordered by King David as sin, but the question that is seemingly not answered in the text is exactly why this census was considered a sin. The Chronicler does not seem to be troubled by counting in other parts of the book (e.g. 1 Chron 11:11; 23:3), so why is it a problem here? Some scholars suggest that the census was intended to enlist corveé labor and therefore that “the essence of David’s sin was premature planning and preparation for the construction of the temple, a task that had been divinely reserved for his son and successor, Solomon.” Another popular suggestion is that the story of the census is including not so much to… [more]
by Cody Alan Kingham, M.Div.
Genesis 22:1-19 derives its meaning from the context of the Abrahamic narrative, the narrative of Genesis, the Pentateuch, and inner-canonical exegesis throughout the Hebrew Bible (HB). The purpose (meaning) of the chapter is to demonstrate God’s faithfulness in fulfilling his covenant promise with Abraham in light of his faith in God, and to provide a future-oriented hope through a singular messianic offspring who defeats his enemies… [more]